Montgomery is a thriving community with a rich history, excellent schools (recently voted 4th best in New Jersey and 39th best school district in the nation by niche.com), diverse recreation opportunities and a collective commitment to preserving open land and protecting natural resources. The community has successfully merged rural and suburban lifestyles in a cosmopolitan region.
Located in the southern portion of Somerset County – six miles from Princeton University and roughly half way between New York City and Philadelphia – the Township is an historic 32 square mile community with an agricultural heritage. It lies in the Millstone River Valley west of the river and east of the Sourland Mountains. There are several hamlets within the Township: Blawenburg, Harlingen, Belle Mead, Skillman, Dutchtown and Zion.
Montgomery has a rich and varied history. Original settlers, mainly farmers, included those of Dutch, Flemish and Huguenot origins among others. Montgomery played a prominent role in the Revolutionary War, and indeed may be named after Richard Montgomery, a brigadier general who served with Benedict Arnold on the expedition of 1775 against Canada.
Until the mid-1900’s, the Township retained its original rural origins, with very little change. At mid-century the Montgomery household population was about 2,350 people. The 1950’s saw the start of new housing construction as well as the beginnings of some industry. By the 1970 Census the population was 5,103. Per the 2000 Census, the population was 17,481. According to the 2013 estimate of the U.S. Census Bureau, the population is 22,499.
Unlike the past, where farming was the dominant occupation, present day Montgomery is home to a variety of businesses and occupations but has retained its rural atmosphere. Montgomery continues to combine a unique convenience of location with the lifestyle features sought by residents and businesses.Print